What is the medical treatment for mononucleosis

what is the medical treatment for mononucleosis

Apr 06,  · Mononucleosis treatment options Supportive care—rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain medications—is the standard treatment for mononucleosis. There are no drugs that fight off the virus itself. Complications such as airway obstruction or ruptured spleen may require hospitalization. Aug 25,  · In most cases of mono, no specific medical treatment is necessary. The illness is usually self-limited and passes much the way other common viral illnesses resolve. Treatment is directed toward the relief of clinical symptoms and signs.

Your doctor may suspect mononucleosis based on your signs and symptoms, how long they've lasted, and a physical exam. He or she will look for signs such as swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver or spleen, and consider how these signs relate to the symptoms you describe.

There's no specific therapy available to treat infectious mononucleosis. Antibiotics don't work against viral infections such as mono.

Treatment mainly involves taking care of yourself, such as getting enough rest, eating a healthy diet and drinking plenty of fluids. You may take over-the-counter pain relievers to treat a fever or sore throat. Treating secondary infections and how to set an image as a background complications. A streptococcal strep infection sometimes goes along with the sore throat of mononucleosis.

You may also develop a sinus infection or an infection of your tonsils tonsillitis. If so, you may need treatment with antibiotics for these accompanying bacterial infections.

Take an over-the-counter pain reliever. Use pain relievers such as acetaminophen Tylenol, others or ibuprofen Advil, Motrin IB, others as needed.

These medicines have no antiviral properties. Take them only to relieve pain or a fever. Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children gor teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin.

This is because aspirin has been linked to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, in such children.

Most signs and symptoms of mononucleosis ease within a few weeks, but it may be two to three months before you feel completely normal. The more rest you get, the sooner you should recover. Returning to your usual schedule too soon can increase the risk of a relapse. To help you avoid teratment risk of rupturing your spleen, your doctor may suggest that you wait about one month before returning to vigorous activities, heavy lifting, roughhousing or contact sports.

Rupture of the spleen results tie up shades how to severe bleeding and is a medical emergency. Ask your doctor about when it's safe for you what is the medical treatment for mononucleosis resume your normal level of cor. Your doctor may recommend a gradual exercise program to help you rebuild your strength as you recover.

Mononucleosis can last weeks, keeping you what is the medical treatment for mononucleosis home as you recover. Be patient with your body as it fights the infection. For young people, having mononucleosis will mean some missed activities — classes, team practices and parties. Without a doubt, you'll need to take it easy for a while. Students need to let their schools know they are recovering mononucleossi mononucleosis and may need special considerations to keep up with their work.

If you have mononucleosis, you don't necessarily need to be quarantined. Many people are already immune to the Epstein-Barr virus because of exposure as children.

But plan on staying home from school and other activities until you're feeling better. Seek the help of friends and family as you recover from mononucleosis. College students should also contact the campus student health center staff for assistance or treatment, if necessary.

If you suspect you have mononucleosis, see your family doctor. Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment and know what to expect from your doctor. Preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time with your doctor. For mononucleosis, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care.

This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis Physical exam Your doctor may suspect mononucleosis based on your signs and symptoms, how long they've lasted, and a physical exam.

Blood tests Antibody tests. If there's a need for additional confirmation, a monospot test may be done to check your blood for antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus. This screening test gives results within a day. But it may not detect the infection during the first week of the illness. A different antibody test requires a longer result time, but can detect the disease even within the first week of symptoms.

White blood mlnonucleosis count. Your doctor mononucleosus use other blood tests to look for what is the medical treatment for mononucleosis elevated number of white blood cells lymphocytes or abnormal-looking lymphocytes. These blood tests won't confirm mononucleosis, but they may suggest it as a possibility.

Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references AskMayoExpert. Epstein-Barr virus infection. Mayo Clinic; About what is the medical treatment for mononucleosis mononucleosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed Dec. Sullivan JL. Clinical manifestations and treatment of Epstein-Barr infection. Aronson MD. Infectious mononucleosis. Merck Manual Professional Version. Reye's syndrome information page.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Related Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr: What's the connection? Mononucleosis: Can it recur? Mayo Clinic Marketplace Trestment out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Teratment.

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Jan 23,  · Your mononucleosis treatment plan will include plenty of rest. For most people, symptoms dissipate in weeks. Some symptoms, like fatigue, can take longer to resolve. As you begin to feel better, you can gradually return to your normal activities. Aug 20,  · Mono treatment There’s no specific treatment for infectious mononucleosis. However, your doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid medication to reduce throat and tonsil swelling. The symptoms usually Author: Jacquelyn Cafasso. Mononucleosis usually lasts for 1 to 2 months. Symptoms may include fever, swollen lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin, constant fatigue, sore throat, enlarged spleen, and jaundice, a yellow discoloration of the skin. Treatment includes rest and plenty of liquids.

Mono, short for mononucleosis, is an infectious disease most commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus EBV. It can be spread by sharing food, drink or utensils, through coughing or sneezing, from the spread of mucus from the nose or throat, through contact with blood or semen, or sometimes even through tears.

In fact, mononucleosis is so common and contagious that most people are infected by the age of Mononucleosis is usually a mild illness, but some cases include more severe symptoms or serious complications. Fortunately, if you are experiencing mono symptoms, diagnosis is typically quick, and there are things you can do to manage the symptoms and help prevent the spread of the illness. Reserve Your Time. The most common signs of mono are high fever, a sore throat, swollen lymph nodes and tonsils, weakness and fatigue.

Mononucleosis symptoms usually start 4 to 6 weeks after you are exposed to the virus. While the symptoms of mono are usually not severe, serious complications can occur, especially in those with compromised immune systems. One potential complication is the swelling and enlargement of the spleen.

Pain in the upper left area of your abdomen may indicate that your spleen has ruptured. If you experience this, seek medical attention immediately, as you may need emergency surgery.

Other complications can affect your liver, with conditions like hepatitis or jaundice. Your heart and nervous system may also be affected, and anemia may develop. A rash of many tiny red spots can occur, which could indicate a low platelet count or another serious condition. Medical attention should be sought if any of these symptoms arise. During your appointment, your medical provider will conduct a full physical exam and ask you about your medical history. If your symptoms are consistent with mononucleosis, a quick test can be conducted to check for evidence of the virus.

The results are typically ready in under 10 minutes. Because other illnesses can present similar symptoms, your medical provider may specify additional testing. This may include a test for the flu, strep throat, or other illnesses depending on your symptoms and medical history.

If your test is positive for mono, your health care provider will counsel you on how to manage the virus and your symptoms. Your mononucleosis treatment plan will include plenty of rest. For most people, symptoms dissipate in weeks.

Some symptoms, like fatigue, can take longer to resolve. As you begin to feel better, you can gradually return to your normal activities. Medications are sometimes used to help manage the symptoms of the illness.

You may be advised to take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to alleviate your fever, sore throat, or other discomforts. A steroid called prednisone may be prescribed if you have trouble breathing or eating due to a severely sore throat.

Even after you feel better, the virus that causes mononucleosis remains in your body for life. The virus remains inactive and no longer causes symptoms, but is still able to spread to others, who can get sick.

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